Friday, November 16, 2012

Notes on Poetic Genres

In addition to specific forms of poems, poetry is often thought of in terms of different genres and subgenres. A poetic genre is generally a tradition or classification of poetry based on the subject matter, style, or other broader literary characteristics. Some commentators view genres as natural forms of literature. Others view the study of genres as the study of how different works relate and refer to other works.

Notes on Poetic Forms

Specific poetic forms have been developed by many cultures. In more developed, closed or "received" poetic forms, the rhyming scheme, meter and other elements of a poem are based on sets of rules, ranging from the relatively loose rules that govern the construction of an elegy to the highly formalized structure of a villanelle.

Notes on Creative Nonfiction

Creative nonfiction (also known as literary or narrative nonfiction) is a genre of writing that uses literary styles and techniques to create factually accurate narratives. Creative nonfiction contrasts with other nonfiction, such as technical writing or journalism, which is also rooted in accurate fact, but is not primarily written in service to its craft. As a genre, creative nonfiction is still relatively young, and is only beginning to be scrutinized with the same critical analysis given to fiction and poetry.

Notes on Fictional Narratives

Fiction is the form of any narrative or informative work that deals, in part or in whole, with information or events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary and theoretical—that is, invented by the author.

A narrative (or story) is any account that presents connected events, and may be organized into various categories: non-fiction (i.e. New Journalism, creative non-fiction, biographies, and historiography); fictionalized accounts of historical events (i.e. anecdotes, myths and legends); and fiction proper (i.e. literature in prose, such as short stories and novels, and sometimes in poetry and drama, although in drama the events are primarily being shown instead of told).

Notes on Traditional Short Stories or Short Folk Narratives

Traditional stories, or stories about traditions, differ from both fiction and nonfiction in that the importance of transmitting the story's worldview is generally understood to transcend an immediate need to establish its categorization as imaginary or factual.

Friday, October 12, 2012

English 6 Final Project

  • Your assignments will be returned via email on Sunday, October 14, 2012.Still checking your assignments. Hopefully will be done by Tuesday. 
  • Please do the necessary changes to improve your documents.
  • Complete your assignment on the different business messages by making them into business letters. For the formatting guidelines, click on the link:
  • All your documents, including your resumes and cover letters, should be placed in an A4 (short bond paper) clear book to be submitted on October 19, 2012.I'll keep you posted on the new deadline.

Wednesday, October 10, 2012

English 15 Extra Credit Project

For your extra credit project, you need to make a review of a Philippine movie.

The links below will help you in writing a good movie review:

* The guidelines from the above sites are not absolute (except for the ones about grammar). For example, if you are more comfortable writing in the first person, then go ahead and use "I" for your review.

  1. Your review must be at least 500 words. 
  2. Please use Arial or Calibri, 11-12 font size, and 1.5 spacing.
  3. Save your review as a .doc or .docx format.
  4. In your review, please do not forget to include your name, class schedule, and the title of your review. 
  5. Email your work to
  6. In the subject field, please type in your name, class schedule, and the word, "extra credit." 
  7. Submit your work on or before October 24, 2012 .

Sunday, October 7, 2012

Notes on "Sayonara"

The lives of great people and the events that led to great changes in civilizations around the world are enshrined in the pages of history. Members of any society are taught at an early age that the mistakes of the past should never be repeated while the victories of old should be celebrated. However history often creates glossed over images of the past. Often times, the people mentioned in the accounts of a nation’s history become mere caricatures. Men and women who achieved greatness or infamy are simplified into heroes and villains, forgetting that they were once daughters, son, wives, husbands, or friends.

Notes on "Dead Stars"

Many literary experts believe that Paz Marquez Benitez’s story gave birth to modern Philippine literature in English. In Benitez’s time, many writers were still either trapped by Spanish literary traditions highly dependent on writing and metaphoric conventions steeped in religious imagery and diction or copying thematically and stylistically the works of popular American short fictionists such as Anderson, Saroyan, and Hemingway. English was still a young language in the Philippines, and many of the writers using the language were still struggling with it. 

Saturday, March 10, 2012

Extra Credit Project

For your extra credit project, you need to make a review of a Philippine or foreign movie that has garnered critical acclaim or recognition from a film body.

Thursday, March 8, 2012

Enlgish 15 and 17 Students

You are no longer allowed to enter the CAS office, so please leave your CDs with the CAS secretary. Also, do not forget to inform me through text or email that the secretary has received your project.

Wednesday, March 7, 2012

Final Exam Coverage

English 17 Class 7:30-9:00

Please study the following:

English 15 Classes 10:30-12:00 and 4:30-6:00

Please study Notes on What is Philippine Drama? and your assigned play.

Exam Coverage for My English 15 Class 3:00-4:30

Literature and Society
  1. In a point of fact he is really a decadent aesthete who stubbornly confuses literature with painting and refuses to place words in the employ of man and civilization.
  2. Daily exposed to the headlines of the newspapers, his Olympian superiority or indifference yields slowly to persistent hammering of the facts of his own experience and of contemporary history. 
  3. He is no longer a florist, scissors in hand gathering lovely blossom; he has become a tiller of the soil, spade in hand, digging into the roots of things and planting seeds.
  4. Having traveled the weary road from the Ivory Tower to jail, he had learned that the only true basis of lasting beauty in literature is—power.
  5. For a sensitive spirit is easily prone to cynicism and misanthropy unless it is reinforced by the steel of undeviating principle.
  6. This universal fear of insecurity, chaos, and war . . . This fear has driven them into fashioning a comfortable philosophy of escape through repulsive realities of the contemporary scene.
  7. The highest form of art is that which springs from the wells of man’s deepest urges and longings—his love of his own kind and his longing to be free.
  8. For deliberate isolation from the rest of the world and complete indifference to the fortunes of mankind on the part of the artists can only mean one thing: that he is incapable of profound thought and deep feeling and is therefore, to that extent, incapable also of great art.
  9. But the development of man’s emotional, intellectual and spiritual qualities is impossible save his heart, mind and soul are enriched by fruitful contact with others.
  10. Propaganda is written with the definite object of influencing people to believe or to do something.

Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Notes on Asian Drama

Drama is one of the oldest forms of literature. Like poetry, it predates literacy (and many of the earliest forms are in verse). Dramatic traditions different from western drama developed in non-European ancient civilizations and societies. 

Notes on Western Drama

Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance. The term comes from a Greek word meaning "action" (Classical Greek, drama), which is derived from "to do", "to act" (Classical Gree, draƍ).

The two masks associated with drama represent the traditional generic division between comedy and tragedy. They are symbols of the ancient Greek Muses, Thalia and Melpomene. Thalia was the Muse of comedy (the laughing face), while Melpomene was the Muse of tragedy (the weeping face).

Notes on What is Philippine Drama?

To identify what Philippine Drama is, one must first define drama and understand the “Philippine-ness” of these dramatic forms.

Saturday, February 18, 2012

English 17 Exam

Your exam has two parts. The first requires you to identify the writer, title, rhetorical figure, and imagery of lines lifted from the poems we have tackled in class. The second requires you to scan (scansion) and analyze a poem.

No new set of notes will be posted.

Tuesday, February 14, 2012

English 15 Exam Coverage

You will have a written exam on Philippine Poetry on Thursday, February 16, 2011. The exam will have two parts: identification, and poem analysis.

Please study Notes on Philippine Poetry.

Notes on Philippine Poetry

Poetry is one of the oldest literary forms. In fact it predates literacy. In the Philippines, poetic forms have long existed even before the arrival of the Spaniards.

Friday, February 10, 2012

Announcement For English 15 and 17 Students

You are required to attend the Cebuano Film Festival Campus Tour this Saturday, February 11, 2012, in room 303, 10:00 in the morning.

Clips from the following movies, Damgo ni Eleuteria, My Paranormal Romance, and Di Ingon Nato will be screened. In addition, members of the cast and crew will be present so it would be nice if you would interact with them.

You can invite friends; however, the room only has 100 seats so if you want to be seated comfortably you will have to come at an earlier time.

For more information on the Cinema One Cebuano Film Festival, click on the following link:

Friday, February 3, 2012

For Team Carlos Batchoyi

By Sylvia Plath

For Team X-Rated

Holy Sonnets
By John Donne

For Team JolVarArian

The Starry Night
By Anne Sexton

For Team Despicable Us

Because I could not stop for Death
By Emily Dickinson

For Team Messengers 2

Martin Luther King Jr.
By Gwendolyn Brooks

For Team Goku

Ars Poetica    
by Archibald MacLeish

Assignment: English 17 (7:30-9:00)

Instructions: Prepare an oral report of your assigned poem. Your report should include the following:
  1. A powerpoint presentation
  2. A brief introduction of the poet, please limit it to five sentences
  3. An analysis of the poem which includes the discussion of the rhetorical figures and imagery
  4. Point out any interesting characteristics in the poem that may contribute to the reader's experience 
  • Discuss the dominant meter and rhyming scheme, if possible
  • Prepare handouts for your classmates
*The reports will be included in your next exam.

Friday, January 20, 2012

Assignment: English 17 (7:30-9:00)

Scan and identify the rhyming schemes of the following excerpts. You will present your work on Tuesday, January 24, 2011. In your report, you need to give a backgrounder on the poet and the poem. The group must also need to present a visual aid of the scanned excerpt. Please make sure that your visual aid’s text is large enough to be read by everyone in the classroom.

Notes on Scansion

rhythm: the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line.
meter: the number of feet in a line.
scansion: Describing the rhythms of poetry by dividing the lines into feet, marking the locations of stressed and unstressed syllables, and counting the syllables.